It is sometimes said that the main difference between the climbing on Sardinia and on Kalymnos is Sardinia's multi-pitch routes. With the walk-ins, the abseil descents and the 'Alpine' feel, you can expect long and satisfying days out that you won't easily forget. The only bit of extra gear you will need in order to open up this world of multi-pitch challenges is an extra rope - even Ryan Air should be able to cope with that!
Though Sardinia has multi-pitch trad routes – notably on the Gallura granite in the north east, and on Punta Cusidore or at Surtana, whose limestone lends itself to placing nuts – the focus of this article is on modern multi-pitch bolted sport routes, and in particular those by the sea, which combine the best of the island environment with great climbing.
The S Grade
A multi-pitch route has both a maximum and an obligatory grade. While the maximum grade is obvious and is what you can equate to a single-pitch route, the obligatory grade and distance between bolts are actually what you really need to focus on. A high (for you) obligatory grade, and bolts far apart, mean lots of sweaty palms, and the more-familiar E-grades seem more appropriate when the next bolt is several metres above you and the last one several metres below ... and even if you had some wires, there's nowhere to put them!
You can make a rough assessment of the average distance between bolts on a route by dividing the pitch length by the number of quickdraws suggested for the route +1. For example, if there are pitches up to 35m, it says bring only 10 quickdraws, then on average the bolts are 3 metres apart on the longer pitches.
Pietra di Luna gives you further information with an 'S' grade. The 'S' grade indicates the seriousness: S1 means closely-spaced bolts, S2 means the bolts can be well-spaced with harder obligatory moves. Obligatory moves are moves you can't aid, and have to be able to climb to get between the bolts and up the route. So Mediterraneo at S2, has the bolts further apart than Wolfgang Güllichat S1+.
Pietra di Luna also has a number of little circles (°°°,°°,°) in the description which are used to indicate how well-protected each section is. You may have 7a °°° meaning it is well bolted, and then 6b °° with the two circles indicating more-spaced bolts. Generally, the harder sections of a route will be well-bolted, but the bolts can be further apart (and falling inadvisable if the terrain is slabby) on easier sections, since it is assumed that a leader who can tackle the harder sections won't have problems on the easier sections. All this adds up to the routes feeling much more serious than single-pitch sport climbing, and you should definitely start with easier routes to get used to things.
A couple of lesser-known nearby routes are absolutely brilliant. Abissi is located 500 m south of Cala Goloritzè. 5 pitches, max 7a, 6b+ obl and S1 bolting. It overhangs all the way. Pitch two is fantastic steep 6c+ climbing on tufas and from the stance at the end of it the ropes hang down in space. Abbing back down this is nearly as exciting as climbing it, as you have to place the quickdraws descending and clip the ropes into them as you traverse diagonally and so as not lose contact on the overhangs.
Punta Argennas, opposite Punta Giradili, is much less popular than Giradili, but the route Autopsia di un alieno, 4 pitches between 6c/+ and 7b, has some of the best rock and climbing around. It follows the smooth wall in the centre of the photo, just left of the cleft of Bacu Orrolossi through which you go down to the foot of the route.
Moving up in terms of difficulty, here you find multipitch routes that are world-level testpieces. For years, Hotel Supramontein the Gola su Gorroppu was Italy's hardest multi-pitch route, being repeated by Europe's top climbers including the first onsight in 2008 by Adam Ondra. At Punta Giradili, Mezzogiorno di Fuocois almost as hard, 8b max 7c obligatory. At Monte Ginnirco, there are several new multi-pitch routes, around S3+ 7a+ obligatory...
When do I go?
You can climb all year round in Sardinia, choosing high shady crags in the summer and lower-altitude sunny crags in the winter. The multi-pitch routes are no exception, though, for those by the sea, spring and autumn are the best times, with plenty of daylight, and comfortable but not too-high temperatures . As usual, on the yellow overhanging rock by the sea on the east coast, if there's a sea breeze the rock can be slippery near the water. You get best climbing conditions on this rock with a maestrale NW wind. On the rough limestone of Punta Argennas and Punta Giradili, the friction always seems excellent.
Who flies where?
Ryanair and Easyjet fly all year round to Alghero and Cagliari, then hire a car. You can hire RHIB's ("gommoni") from Cala Gonone or from Santa Maria Navarrese. We use Nautica of Santa Maria Navarrese.
Although many routes can be climbed with a single 60m or 70m rope, I prefer to have two 60m ropes for abseil descents and passing ropes alternately. You can also run together pitches to speed things up (requires up to 20 quickdraws). People often use a single 80m rope. Add some slings, a daisy chain, a belay device, prussiks, and you're set. Helmet according to personal preferences. For the routes mentioned in this article you don't need any trad gear. Sometimes Friends and nuts are welcome though, and, if this is the case, the guidebook description will say so.
The best guide to the multi-pitch routes is the 4th edition of Pietra di Luna. Note that the 5th edition, which should be published in spring 2011, will contain ONLY single-pitch sports routes, with the exception of the three most popular bolted routes on the Aguglia di Goloritzè. So hang on to (or buy now, it won't be reprinted) your 4th editions. This is available in the UK from many retailers and Cordee.
There are also topos on the folowing web sites: - Topos from sardiniaclimb.com and comments in the database of multipitch routes. - Topos published in UP (whose editor, Maurizio Oviglia, lives in Sardinia and is also the author of Pietra di Luna). • Topos published on www.pietradiluna.com